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NDA Syllabus 2024

NDA Syllabus 2024, Check NDA Maths, GAT, English Syllabus

NDA Syllabus 2024

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has published the NDA Syllabus 2024 PDF alongside the official notification. Aspiring candidates should review the UPSC NDA 1 and 2 Syllabus to familiarise themselves with the topics necessary for the upcoming NDA Exam. The 2024 syllabus for the NDA exam is categorised into two subjects: Mathematics and the General Ability Test.

The NDA 2024 Syllabus consists exclusively of objective-type questions. It is also crucial for candidates to review the NDA Exam Pattern 2024 to comprehend the format and requirements of the exam. Continue reading to find the NDA Syllabus 2024 in both Hindi and English, along with details on the exam pattern, marking scheme, and more.


UPSC NDA Syllabus 2024 Overview

Before completing the NDA online form, candidates should review the official notification. Eligible applicants for the NDA 2024 exam include those who have passed the 12th grade and are at least 16.5 years old. Here are the key highlights of the NDA 2 2024 exam for candidates’ reference:

NDA 2024 Overview
Exam Conducting BodyUnion Public Service Commission
NDA Full FormNational Defence Academy
Exam NameNDA & NA Examination, 2024
Exam LevelNational
FrequencyTwice a Year
NDA 2024 Eligibility12th Pass
Selection ProcessWritten Exam and SSB Interview
Job LocationAnywhere in India
Official Websiteupsc.gov.in

NDA Syllabus 2024 Important Topics

The NDA Syllabus 2024 is segmented into two main subjects: Mathematics and the General Ability Test. Additionally, the General Ability Test syllabus is further divided into two sub-parts: English and General Knowledge.


The Mathematics section covers various topics including:

  • Algebra
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Trigonometry
  • Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions
  • Differential Calculus
  • Integral Calculus and Differential Equations
  • Vector Algebra
  • Statistics and Probability

General Ability Test

The General Ability Test comprises two sections:

  1. English

    • Grammar and usage
    • Vocabulary
    • Comprehension and cohesion
  2. General Knowledge

    • Physics: Basic concepts and principles, motion, force, energy, etc.
    • Chemistry: Elements, compounds, mixtures, acids, bases, and salts, etc.
    • General Science: Biology topics such as human body, organisms, etc.
    • Social Studies: Indian history, freedom movement, etc.
    • Geography: Earth, its shape, latitude, longitude, etc.
    • Current Events: Current affairs of national and international importance

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NDA Syllabus 2024 for Mathematics

The NDA Mathematics Syllabus 2024 includes various sections as detailed below:


  • Concept of Set: Operations on sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws.
  • Cartesian Product: Relation, equivalence relation.
  • Real Numbers: Representation on a line.
  • Complex Numbers: Basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity.
  • Binary System of Numbers: Conversion between decimal and binary systems.
  • Progressions: Arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic.
  • Quadratic Equations: Solutions with real coefficients.
  • Linear Inequations: Solutions of two variables by graphs.
  • Permutation and Combination
  • Binomial Theorem: Applications.
  • Logarithms: Applications.

Matrices and Determinants

  • Types of Matrices: Operations on matrices.
  • Determinants: Basic properties, adjoint and inverse of a square matrix.
  • Applications: Solving systems of linear equations in two or three unknowns using Cramer’s rule and the matrix method.


  • Angles: Measures in degrees and radians.
  • Trigonometric Ratios and Identities
  • Formulas: Sum and difference, multiple and sub-multiple angles.
  • Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  • Applications: Height and distance, properties of triangles.

Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions

  • Coordinate System: Rectangular Cartesian.
  • Distance Formula
  • Equations: Line in various forms, circle in standard and general form, standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola.
  • Conics: Eccentricity, axis.
  • 3D Geometry: Point in space, distance between points, direction cosines and ratios, plane and line equations, angle between lines and planes, equation of a sphere.

Differential Calculus

  • Real-valued Functions: Domain, range, graph, composite functions, one-to-one, onto, and inverse functions.
  • Limits and Continuity: Standard limits, examples, algebraic operations.
  • Derivatives: At a point, geometrical and physical interpretation, applications, sum/product/quotient of functions, second-order derivatives, increasing/decreasing functions, maxima and minima.

Integral Calculus and Differential Equations

  • Integration: Inverse of differentiation, substitution, parts, standard integrals, definite integrals, area determination.
  • Differential Equations: Order and degree, formation, general and particular solutions, first order and first degree solutions, applications in growth and decay problems.

Vector Algebra

  • Vectors: In two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction, unit and null vectors.
  • Operations: Addition, scalar multiplication, dot product, cross product.
  • Applications: Work done by a force, moment of a force, geometrical problems.

Statistics and Probability

  • Statistics:

    • Data Classification: Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution.
    • Graphical Representation: Histogram, pie chart, frequency polygon.
    • Central Tendency: Mean, median, mode.
    • Variance and Standard Deviation: Determination and comparison.
    • Correlation and Regression
  • Probability:

    • Experiments: Random experiments, outcomes, sample space.
    • Events: Mutually exclusive, exhaustive, impossible, certain, union and intersection, complementary, elementary, composite.
    • Probability Definition: Classical and statistical.
    • Theorems: Elementary theorems, conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem.
    • Random Variables: Function on a sample space, binomial distribution.

This comprehensive syllabus outlines the key topics and concepts that candidates need to study to prepare effectively for the NDA Mathematics exam in 2024.

NDA Syllabus 2024 for General Ability Test

The NDA General Ability Test Syllabus 2024 is split into two main sections: English and General Knowledge.

NDA Syllabus for English

The English section aims to assess the candidate’s understanding and use of English, covering:

  • Spotting Errors
  • Comprehension
  • Selecting Words
  • Synonyms and Antonyms
  • Sentence Improvements
  • Ordering of Words in a Sentence

NDA Syllabus for General Knowledge

The General Knowledge section covers a broad range of subjects, including Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography, and Current Events. Detailed topics for each subject are provided below:

  • Physical Properties and States of Matter: Mass, weight, volume, density, specific gravity, Archimedes’ principle, pressure barometer.
  • Motion and Mechanics: Velocity, acceleration, Newton’s laws, force, momentum, parallelogram of forces, stability, equilibrium, gravitation, work, power, energy.
  • Heat and Thermodynamics: Effects of heat, temperature measurement, change of state, latent heat, heat transfer modes.
  • Sound: Sound waves, properties, musical instruments.
  • Optics: Rectilinear light propagation, reflection, refraction, spherical mirrors, lenses, human eye.
  • Magnetism: Natural and artificial magnets, Earth’s magnetism.
  • Electricity: Static and current electricity, conductors, nonconductors, Ohm’s law, simple circuits, heating, lighting, magnetic effects, electrical power measurement, primary and secondary cells, X-ray use.
  • General Principles: Simple pendulum, pulleys, siphon, levers, balloon, pumps, hydrometer, pressure cooker, thermos flask, gramophone, telegraph, telephone, periscope, telescope, microscope, mariner’s compass, lightning conductors, safety fuses.
  • Physical and Chemical Changes: Elements, mixtures, compounds, symbols, formulas, chemical equations, law of chemical combination.
  • Properties of Air and Water
  • Preparation and Properties: Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, oxidation, reduction, acids, bases, salts, carbon forms.
  • Fertilizers: Natural and artificial.
  • Materials: Soap, glass, ink, paper, cement, paints, safety matches, gunpowder.
  • Atomic Structure: Basic concepts, atomic, equivalent, molecular weights, valency.
General Science
  • Living vs. Nonliving: Cells, protoplasm, tissues.
  • Growth and Reproduction: Plants and animals.
  • Human Body: Vital organs, common epidemics, causes, prevention.
  • Nutrition: Food sources, balanced diet.
  • Astronomy: Solar system, meteors, comets, eclipses.
  • Notable Scientists and Achievements
History, Freedom Movement, etc.
  • Indian History: Broad survey, culture, civilization.
  • Freedom Movement: Key events, figures.
  • Indian Constitution and Administration: Elementary study.
  • Five Year Plans: Basic concepts.
  • Panchayati Raj: Co-operatives, community development, Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, national integration, welfare state, Mahatma Gandhi’s teachings.
  • Modern World: Renaissance, exploration, discoveries, American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, Russian Revolution, impact of science and technology, one world concept, United Nations, Panchsheel, democracy, socialism, communism, India’s role in the world.
  • Earth: Shape, size, latitudes, longitudes, time concept, International Date Line.
  • Geophysical Phenomena: Earth’s movements, origin, rocks, weathering, earthquakes, volcanoes.
  • Oceans and Atmosphere: Ocean currents, tides, atmospheric composition, temperature, pressure, planetary winds, cyclones, anti-cyclones, humidity, condensation, precipitation, climate types, major natural regions.
  • India: Climate, natural vegetation, mineral and power resources, agriculture, industrial activities, sea ports, main routes, imports, exports.
Current Events
  • National and International Events: Important recent events.
  • Prominent Personalities: Cultural and sports figures, both Indian and international.

This detailed syllabus provides candidates with a comprehensive understanding of the topics they need to study to prepare effectively for the General Ability Test in the NDA Exam 2024.

UPSC NDA Syllabus 2024 for Intelligence and Personality Test

The NDA SSB (Services Selection Board) selection process comprises two stages. Candidates must pass Stage I to qualify for Stage II. Below are the important topics for each stage.

Stage I

  1. Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) Tests

    • These tests evaluate the candidate’s ability to think logically and analytically. They often include questions on reasoning, verbal skills, and non-verbal abilities.
  2. Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT)

    • In this test, candidates are shown a picture for a brief period and then asked to write a story based on the picture. The aim is to assess the candidate’s perception, imagination, and ability to express ideas clearly and coherently.

Stage II

  1. Interview

    • The interview assesses the candidate’s personality, communication skills, and overall suitability for a career in the armed forces. It involves questions about the candidate’s background, interests, general knowledge, and motivations.
  2. Group Testing Officer (GTO) Tasks

    • These tasks are designed to evaluate the candidate’s ability to work in a team, leadership qualities, and decision-making skills. They include:
      • Group Discussion
      • Group Planning Exercise
      • Progressive Group Tasks
      • Half Group Tasks
      • Individual Obstacles
      • Group Obstacle Race or Snake Race
      • Command Task
      • Final Group Task
  3. Psychology Tests

    • These tests aim to assess the candidate’s psychological fitness and suitability for a military career. They include:
      • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT): Candidates write stories based on ambiguous pictures.
      • Word Association Test (WAT): Candidates write a response to a series of words shown one after another.
      • Situation Reaction Test (SRT): Candidates write their responses to various situational challenges presented to them.
      • Self-Description Test (SD): Candidates write five separate descriptions about their personal, professional, and social life.
  4. Conference

    • The final assessment stage where all the assessors come together to discuss each candidate’s performance in all the tests. The candidate may be asked a few questions to clarify certain points or to make a final impression.

NDA Exam Pattern 2024 for Mathematics & General Ability Test

Candidates aiming for the NDA Exam 2024 should be familiar with the exam pattern, including the format, number of questions, maximum marks, sections, and marking scheme. Below is the detailed NDA Exam Pattern 2024 for both Mathematics and the General Ability Test (GAT):

SubjectMathematicsGeneral Ability Test
Total Number of Questions120150
Maximum Marks300600
Marks for Correct Answer2.5 mark4 mark
Marks for Incorrect Answer−0.83 mark−1.33 mark
Duration2.5 hours2.5 hours

NDA Exam Pattern 2024 for SSB Test/Interview

SSB Test/Interview900

Familiarizing oneself with the NDA Exam Pattern 2024 allows candidates to strategize their preparation effectively according to the exam’s requirements.

Steps to Apply for UPSC NDA 2024

Candidates can fill out the NDA 2 application form 2024 on the official website or direct link shared above. Follow the steps below to apply online for the UPSC NDA 2024 exam without any hassles.

Step 1: Go to the official UPSC website, i.e. upsc.gov.in.

Step 2: Click the “Apply Online link” for National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I), 2024.

Step 3: Enter the valid details to complete OTR registration.

Step 4: Log in with the Registration ID and password and complete NDA online form 2024.

Step 5: Upload the documents in the prescribed format and pay the application fees.

Step 6: Take the printout of the NDA 2 application form 2024 for future reference.

NDA 2024 Application Fees

Candidates should pay the NDA 2024 application fee of Rs. 100 either by using the cash in any Branch of the State Bank of India by cash or Visa/Master/RuPay Credit/Debit Card/UPI Payment or Internet banking. The category-wise NDA 2 2024 application fees are given below.

NDA 2024 Application Fees
CategoryApplication Fees
GeneralRs 100
SC/ST candidates/female candidates/Wards of JCOs/NCOs/ORsExempted

NDA 2024 Vacancy

The Union Public Service Commission has published the NDA 2 vacancy details through the official notification PDF. Thus, candidates should check the notification to avoid confusion at any selection stage. Here is the distribution of the NDA 2 2024 vacancy details shared below for all the departments.

NDA 2 Vacancy 2024
National Defence AcademyArmy208 (including 10 for female candidates)
Navy42 (including 06 for female candidates) 
Air Force 

Flying-92 (including 02 for female candidates)

Ground Duties (Tech) – 18 (including 02 for female candidates) 

(Ground Duties (Non Tech) – 10 (including 02 for female candidates)

Naval Academy (10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme) 34 (including 05 for female candidates)

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1. What is the NDA Exam?
  • The NDA Exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to select candidates for admission to the National Defence Academy, where they undergo training to become officers in the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force.
2. What is the exam pattern for the NDA Exam?
  • The NDA Exam consists of two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Mathematics paper carries 120 questions with a maximum of 300 marks, while the GAT paper carries 150 questions with a maximum of 600 marks. Both papers have a duration of 2.5 hours. There is a negative marking for incorrect answers.
3. What is the selection process after the written exam?
  • Candidates who clear the written exam are called for the SSB (Services Selection Board) interview, which comprises two stages. Stage I includes Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT). Candidates who qualify for Stage I proceed to Stage II, which includes interviews, group testing officer tasks, psychology tests, and conferences. The total marks for the SSB Test/Interview are 900.
4. How can I prepare for the NDA Exam?
  • To prepare for the NDA Exam, candidates should focus on understanding the exam syllabus, practicing previous years’ question papers, taking mock tests, and enhancing their general knowledge and mathematical aptitude. Additionally, physical fitness and personality development are crucial aspects of preparation for the SSB interview.

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