MJS Defence Academy


NDA After Class 12th

How To Prepare For NDA After Class 12th

How to Prepare for NDA After Class 12th with MJS Defence Academy

For defence aspirants eager to serve in the Indian Army, the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducts the NDA (National Defence Academy) exam, a highly competitive test in India. This exam, held twice a year, serves as the direct entry point for the Indian Armed Forces.

The NDA 1/2024 exam scheduled for April 21, 2024, is approaching, and every Class 12 student aspiring to serve their country dreams of conquering this challenging test. In this article, we will discuss in detail the right strategy to prepare for NDA after Class 12th.

NDA Exam Overview

NDA Overview
Exam Conducting BodyUnion Public Service Commission
NDA Full FormNational Defence Academy
Exam NameNDA & NA Examination, 2024
Exam LevelNational
FrequencyTwice a Year
NDA 2024 Eligibility12th Pass
Selection ProcessWritten Exam and SSB Interview
Job LocationAnywhere in India
Official Websiteupsc.gov.in

The NDA exam comprises two stages: a written test and a personality test called the SSB (Service Selection Board). Successful candidates must pass both stages to be included in the final merit list. Additionally, upon completion of three years, candidates receive a Bachelor’s Degree from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi.

To specialize in a specific area, candidates must enroll in the Indian Military Academy in Dehradun for the Army, the Air Force Academy in Hyderabad for the Air Force, and the Indian Naval Academy in Ezhimala for the Navy. It is crucial for students interested in defence careers to start contemplating how to join the National Defence Academy and prepare for the NDA right from their 12th-grade board exams.

NDA 2024 Admission Open

Latest Selections

How to Prepare for NDA After Class 12?

Here we are providing tips for the candidates who are now eligible for NDA and now beginning with their preparation :-

  1. Set Objectives Early:
    • Establish your goals and commence training as soon as possible.
  2. Early Preparation:
    • Serious candidates should initiate preparation right after completing their board exams for a competitive edge.
  3. Familiarity with NDA Syllabus:
    • Get acquainted with the NDA curriculum and create a study schedule covering all subjects.
  4. Review Fundamentals:
    • Review the fundamentals of each subject, consulting books from Classes VI through XII.
  5. Enhance English Skills:
    • Develop English skills by daily newspaper reading, grammar practice, and learning new words.
  6. Practice with Previous Papers:
    • Solve question papers from previous years to get a feel for the exam and work on practice questions.
  7. Identify Weak Areas:
    • Identify weak areas in specific subjects and focus on improving them.

Tips to Crack NDA

Understand Syllabus and Subjects : Have a thorough understanding of the syllabus and concepts to plan and schedule studies effectively.

Time Management : Practice time management to read and answer each question in less than a minute.

Answering Test Questions : Work through previous years’ question papers to understand the format and types of questions.

Avoid Guesswork : Avoid guessing, as incorrect answers receive low marks in the exam.

Focus on Language : Enhance linguistic skills by reading English newspapers regularly.

Stay Current : Stay informed about current events, technology, and global trends by reading or watching the news.

Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle : Physical fitness is essential for the armed forces, so ensure overall health and fitness.

While the NDA exam is challenging, early preparation significantly eases the journey. Starting preparation right after Class 12 increases the chances of success. Aspiring candidates should stay informed about the National Defence Academy age limit and focus on both theoretical and physical aspects of preparation.

Create an Effective Study Plan

To enhance your preparation, familiarize yourself with the NDA syllabus and exam pattern. The NDA exam consists of two papers: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Understanding the topics covered in each paper and the weightage of each section will help you make a systematic study plan.

NDA Exam Pattern:

Particulars Paper 1 (Mathematics) Paper 2 (GAT)
No. of Questions 120 150 (English – 50)
Maximum Marks 300 600
Time Duration 2 ½ Hours 2 ½ Hours
Positive Marking 2.5 Marks 4 Marks
Negative Marking 0.83 Marks 1.33 Marks

Focus on Combined Performance

Do not focus solely on academic knowledge, as the NDA assesses both your academic abilities and your personality profile. Therefore, it is crucial to maintain a balance between academic excellence and physical fitness. Your combined performance in both of these spheres plays a decisive role in your selection for the National Defence Academy.

Develop Your Personality

The SSB evaluates your overall personality traits, including officer-like qualities, interpersonal skills, communication abilities, team spirit, group cohesiveness, and leadership. All these attributes require time to develop. Therefore, you should focus on cultivating these qualities in your personality from the very start of your NDA preparation.

Strengthen Your Competency in Mathematics

Mathematics is a significant part of the NDA exam. If you had opted for math in your 11th and 12th classes, you can easily develop your conceptual understanding through revision, practice, and solving previous years’ papers. In addition to this, you should also attempt time-bound mock tests to assess your performance.

Focus on Improving Your General Knowledge

The General Ability Test (GAT) paper in the NDA written exam covers a wide range of topics, including Physics, Chemistry, Biology, History, Geography, Political Science, Economics, and Current Events. You should practice enough for an outstanding performance in both papers; math and GAT.

Enhance Your English Skills

English is a crucial component of the GAT. There is a separate English section in the GAT paper. Out of a total of 150 questions in the GAT paper, the English section alone includes 50 questions. Topics include spotting errors, vocabulary, synonyms, antonyms, idioms and phrases, sentence improvement, para jumbles, and reading comprehension. Therefore, you should work on improving your vocabulary, grammar, and reading comprehension to score well in the English section.

Stay Motivated and Positive

Preparing for the NDA exam can be challenging, so you should maintain a positive attitude and not get demotivated by small failures. Always keep solving previous years’ papers on priority. This approach, along with taking mock tests, will help you understand the exam pattern, identify your weak areas, and improve your time management skills. Physical fitness is highly important when preparing for the NDA exam. Start working on your physical fitness by jogging, running, doing push-ups, and other exercises to build your stamina.

By following these guidelines and maintaining a disciplined and focused approach, you can enhance your chances of success in the NDA exam. Join MJS Defence Academy for expert guidance and comprehensive preparation resources to achieve your dream of serving the nation.

Maths Jugad Se (MJS Defence Academy)

Join MJS Defence Academy Today:

  • Admission Open: Don’t miss the opportunity to join the premier NDA coaching institute in India. Contact us today to enrol in our coaching classes and start your journey towards a rewarding career in the Indian Armed Forces.
  • Contact Information: To learn more about our courses and admission process, please fill out the contact form on our website or reach out to us via phone or email.
  • Experience the MJS Difference: Join MJS Defence Academy and experience the difference in quality education, expert guidance, and comprehensive preparation for the NDA exam and SSB interview.


1. What are the eligibility criteria for the NDA exam?

To be eligible for the NDA exam, a candidate must:

  • Be an unmarried male.
  • Have completed Class 12 or equivalent education.
  • Be between the ages of 16.5 and 19.5 years.
  • Meet the prescribed physical standards.
2. How should I begin my NDA preparation after completing Class 12th?

Begin your preparation by:

  • Understanding the NDA syllabus and exam pattern.
  • Creating a structured study plan.
  • Reviewing the basics from Classes VI to XII.
  • Solving previous years’ question papers.
  • Focusing on both academic knowledge and physical fitness.
3. What subjects are covered in the NDA exam, and how are they structured?

The NDA exam consists of two papers:

  • Mathematics: 120 questions, 300 marks, 2.5 hours.
  • General Ability Test (GAT): 150 questions (including 50 English questions), 600 marks, 2.5 hours. Each paper involves negative marking for incorrect answers.
4. How important is physical fitness in the NDA selection process?

Physical fitness is crucial as it is a key component of the selection process. Candidates must meet specific physical standards and undergo rigorous physical tests during the SSB interview. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and focusing on endurance and strength training are essential.

5. What role does the SSB interview play in the NDA selection process, and how can I prepare for it?
  • The SSB (Service Selection Board) interview is a comprehensive evaluation of a candidate’s personality, including officer-like qualities, leadership skills, and communication abilities. To prepare:

    • Develop your personality traits from the start of your preparation.
    • Engage in group activities and leadership roles.
    • Practice speaking and interpersonal skills.
    • Stay updated on current affairs and general knowledge.

    For personalized guidance and a systematic approach to NDA preparation, consider joining MJS Defence Academy, where experts provide comprehensive training and mentorship.

Featured Courses


Rankers Batch ( NDA 2 2024 )




Rankers Batch (2024-1)


Lallantop Batch


Maths Jugad Se (MJS Defence Academy)

Airforce X Group Syllabus, Airforce X Group Syllabus Pdf, X Group Airforce Syllabus, Indian Airforce X Group Syllabus, Indian Airforce X Group Syllabus Pdf

Airforce X Group Syllabus, Airforce X Group Syllabus Pdf, X Group Airforce Syllabus, Indian Airforce X Group Syllabus, Indian Airforce X Group Syllabus Pdf

Airforce X Group Syllabus, Airforce X Group Syllabus Pdf, X Group Airforce Syllabus, Indian Airforce X Group Syllabus, Indian Airforce X Group Syllabus Pdf